Conization refers to the cone-shaped excision of the portio (opening of the cervix into the vagina) using an electric snare.
Conization may be necessary to remove altered tissue from the cervix, for example, if cervical cancer is suspected. This tissue can then be examined in the laboratory. It may also be used to remove early-stage cervical cancer.
After conization, the tissue recovers over the course of four to six weeks: The wound heals and the mucosa rebuilds.
Advice articles on the subject:
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) - Vaccination of boys and girls
HPV vaccination after dysplasia