Myomas are the most common benign tumors of the female genital tract They occur in about 20-50% of all women, mostly at reproductive age and usually get smaller again after menopause. A new formation of myomas after the onset of menopause is very rare.
The majority of the women affected have no symptoms whatsoever, but depending on the number, size and, above all, the location of the fibroids, various symptoms can occur that can significantly impair the quality of life.
Possible symptoms in the uterus:
- Bleeding disorders (prolonged or increased bleeding)
- Pain in the lower abdomen or pain during intercourse
- Feeling of pressure
- Problems urinating or having a bowel movement
- Unfulfilled desire to have children
The evaluation of the fibroids, as well as the assessment of the extent to which they are responsible for specified symptoms, is performed by means of a gynecological examination and a transvaginal ultrasound.
There are numerous ways of treatment. Where only a few years ago the presence of fibroids was one of the most common reasons for hysterectomy, patients today have a wide range of treatment options. The central question is, of course, whether the desire to have children exists now or in the future.
- Drug treatment (hormonal and non-hormonal)
- Operative treatment options
– Targeted removal of the fibroid
– Removal of the Uterus
– Sonata (newer minimally invasive therapy method)