Laparoscopy (abdominal endoscopy)
With a laparoscopy, a disease of the organs in the abdominal cavity and pelvic area can be detected and, if necessary, treated at the same time. Laparoscopy is also called a minimally invasive procedure. Unlike open surgery (laparotomy), only small skin incisions are required. The abdominal cavity is inflated with gas (e.g. carbon dioxide). Through a small incision in the abdominal wall, the surgeon first blindly inserts a rigid camera, the laparoscope, into the abdominal cavity. Instruments can then be introduced through further small skin incisions under video control.
Advantages of laparoscopy
Patients benefit especially in terms of faster recovery after surgery, often have less postoperative pain or wound healing problems.